Makinti Napanangka


Makinti Napanangka (c. 1930–2011) was born at Mangarri, near the Kintore community, on the border of the Northern Territory and Western Australia. Makinti started painting when she was already well past middle age. Her first painting was made in the Haasts Bluff community, in 1994. She later moved to Kintore, and her style transformed from the tight, brightly colored roundels in her early work to the long, quivering arcs by the early 2000s. In 1999, Makinti underwent a cataract operation, which led to the evolution of the thick, expressive lines and more vivid hues that characterize her mature painting style.

Makinti’s paintings commemorate Pintupi women’s performative and ritual traditions depicting ceremonies and dances in nymparra (hand-spun string skirts made from human hair). Expressive lines of color evoke the energetic movements of the hair-string skirt dances and the fleeting desert mirages that glaze the hot earth where they are performed.

Makinti was selected for the landmark Papunya Tula: Genesis and Genius at the Art Gallery of New South Wales in 2000. In 2011 her work was recognized when she was posthumously named a Member of the Order of Australia for her service to the arts and women painters of the Western Desert art practice.

馬堅蒂·娜巴南卡(約1930–2011)生於近北領地和西澳邊界的金托爾(Kintore)社區曼加里(Mangarri)。馬堅蒂於中年後開始繪畫,她的第一幅畫作在1994年於Haasts Bluff社區創作。馬堅蒂其後移居金托爾,她的畫風在2000年初從早期色彩鮮豔緊緻的的圓形變成了長而顫抖的弧線。於1999年,馬堅蒂接受了白內障手術,其後她的畫風漸趨成熟,出現富有表現力的粗線條和更加鮮明的色彩。


馬堅蒂的作品於2000年獲選於新南威爾士州美術館「帕潘亞圖拉:創世紀與天才」(Papunya Tula: Genesis and Genius)展覽展出。馬堅蒂於2011年因她對藝術界及澳洲沙漠原住民女藝術家的貢獻被追授為澳大利亞勳章成員,她的作品亦獲得認可。