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Emily Kame Kngwarreye

About

Emily Kame Kngwarreye (c. 1910–1996), affectionately known as “Emily,” was a revered elder of the Utopia region and one of the most celebrated artists in Australian history. She was born around 1910 in Alhalkere on the edge of the Utopia cattle station in Anmatyerre Country, approximately 250 km northeast of Alice Springs in Australia’s Northern Territory. One of the last generations of Indigenous elders born and raised in a Country devoid of impinging settler influence, Emily grew up acutely attuned to the land’s riches, its seasonality, and her place within its cycles.

Throughout the brief eight-year span before her death, she painted freely and prolifically, moving through an astonishing range of styles and expression identified mainly with women’s ritual activities. Her early dot paintings drew on her experience with traditional batik fabric production; over time, her paintings became more and more gestural, reduced in their detail and liberated in their formal qualities. When asked to describe her inspirations, Emily’s response was consistent: “It’s everything.” In other words, each painting represents her entire culture, encapsulating her intimate relationship with “Country,” the physical land and the spirits that inhabit it, as well as the people and their traditions.

Emily has been the subject of several museum surveys in Australia and Japan, and her work featured prominently in the 56th Biennale di Venezia in 2015.

埃米莉·凱米·寧瓦瑞(約1910–1996)是烏托邦地區一位備受尊敬的長老,也是澳洲史上最享負盛名的藝術家之一。她於1910年左右出生於Anmatyerre國土烏托邦養牛場邊緣的Alhalkere ,距澳大利亞北領地愛麗斯泉東北方向約250公里處。她是免受移居者影響,在沙漠出生和成長的最後幾代土著長者之一。埃米莉成長過程中耳濡目染這片土地的肥沃,四季更替且知曉她在這片土地中的地位。

在她離世前的短短八年裡,她無拘無束地完成大量畫作,肆意探索數之不盡的風格和表達方式,大部分作品也呼應婦女的儀式活動。她早期的圓點畫作從自己製作傳統蠟染布的經歷取材,後來畫作逐漸變得更著重姿勢,細節更簡單,形態特色則更自由奔放。當被問及她的靈感來源時,埃米莉的回答總是:「所有東西。」換言之,每幅作品也代表她所屬的整個文化,涵蓋她與「國土」(有形的土地及在當中居住的神明)的親密關係,還有人民與傳統之間的關係。

埃米莉的作品經常在澳洲和日本大型博物館展出,更成為2015年第56屆威尼斯雙年展的焦點展品。