My photographs are “not abstract.” Ultimately they are always identifiable. Photography in general simply cannot disengage from the object.
In the wake of Andreas Gursky’s survey exhibition nicht abstract at Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen in Germany, Gagosian is pleased to present Not Abstract II, an exhibition of recent photographs by the renowned German artist, accompanied by an electronic sound installation created by Canadian DJ and producer Richie Hawtin.
From images of nature to those of cities, crowds, and products, Gursky seems to create what already exists. In his photographs, variations in distance serve to emphasize contemporary truths, whereby subject matter is presented in a detailed uniformity that privileges neither foreground nor background. In Les Meés (2016), solar panels, rolling hills, and a gray-blue sky become bold areas of color, as opposed to elements in a landscape. Hawtin’s minimalist techno soundscape, composed in response to Gursky’s art, “breathes” with the photographs, inspiring longer pauses that allow each image to expand beyond its frame.
In several untitled works never before exhibited in the United States, Gursky takes this effect a step further: aerial views of tulip fields tip the landscape up and create homogeny from variety, the colors blending together to form horizontal bands, like sheet music filled in with impressionist hues. That these works are deliberately untitled emphasizes his longstanding interest in recasting, time and again throughout his artistic career, the formal questions activated in postwar American abstraction. However, according to the artist, these photographs are not abstract, because abstraction is unrecognizable. From afar they appear as ambiguous geometries and gradients, but move a step closer and the eye refocuses to reveal their content. Once the tulips are recognized as such, there is no returning to abstraction. Thus Gursky offers up the threshold of abstraction, just in time to make it disappear.
The tulip fields find their consumerist equivalent in Mediamarkt (2016) and Amazon (2016). The irons, coffee makers, and vacuum cleaners of Mediamarkt, and the seemingly infinite rows of packages in Amazon, become mosaic depictions of spaces that seem too big to comprehend. Gursky is able to foster this sense of the quotidian sublime in both scale and content in meditations on the Romantic genre deftly attuned to contemporary times. His Superheroes series of 2014 pairs grandiose settings with popular American superheroes whose distinctive poses are dwarfed by the sweep and rise of seascapes and skyscrapers. In Rückblick (2015), four German chancellors—Gerhard Schröder, Helmut Schmidt, Angela Merkel, and Helmut Kohl—sit in black leather chairs with their backs to the viewer, similarly reduced by the large fields of color that constitute Barnett Newman’s Vir Heroicus Sublimis (1950–51), a highlight of New York’s Museum of Modern Art.
Both Gursky and Hawtin use digital technology—in image and in sound, respectively—to recombine the materials of everyday existence. Their collaboration brings all of the senses together, positioning politics, capitalism, and geography within a hypnotic realm that oscillates between abstraction and reality.
From the Quarterly
Andreas Gursky and Richie Hawtin discuss their collaboration with art historian Laura Käding.
Benjamin Nugent reflects on questions of verisimilitude and American life in the group exhibition I Don’t Like Fiction, I Like History at Gagosian, Beverly Hills.
Andreas Gursky Parrish Art Museum
Terrie Sultan, Director of the Parrish Art Museum, discusses Andreas Gursky: Landscapes (2015).