You never notice arbitrary details in my work. On a formal level, countless interrelated micro and macrostructures are woven together, determined by an overall organizational principle.
From images of nature to photographs of cities, crowds, and commercial products, Andreas Gursky invents new worlds from existing elements, constructing tableaux based on his methodical observations. In his large-format, high-definition photographs, he presents hyperfocused scenes that privilege neither foreground nor background.
Gursky studied visual communication at the Folkwang Universität der Künste in Essen, Germany, from 1977 to 1980. He then continued his studies at the Kunstakademie Düsseldorf, where he was a master-class student of Bernd and Hilla Becher, the artist duo known for their series of photographs of selected types of industrial structures, or “typologies.” While the Bechers used a standardized, documentary style to underscore the commonality inherent in variation, Gursky’s studies propelled him to expand the idea of the photographic document by using digital manipulation and montage to record specific scenes, moments, and events. His works from the early 1990s depict factories, stock exchanges, airports, golf courses, highways, and buildings, often from aerial viewpoints that reveal the patterns of crowds and infrastructure. In 1996 he moved away from this perspective in favor of deadpan frontal views, as in the Prada series (1996–98), depicting the minimalist altars of luxury fashion, or, as in Prada II (1997), showing the empty shelves lit with fluorescent lights.
In the early 2000s Gursky began arranging his photographic montages according to classical patterns of representation. The Pyongyang photographs (2007), in particular—which show colorful, kaleidoscopic crowds of performers in North Korea—recall compositional methods used during the Renaissance. Gursky followed this series with photographs of more informal crowds, such as those at Cocoon, a famous German nightclub designed by his friend DJ Sven Väth. The club, with its perforated metallic walls, resembles a futuristic hive, and Gursky used its cavernous scale to produce hypnotic scenes that envelop the viewer in their repeated patterns.
In addition to his work focusing on social phenomena, entertainment, and urban planning, Gursky is interested in capturing the realities of the planet, often narrowing in on bodies of water, from the Rhine in Germany to the Chao Phraya in Thailand. The Bangkok series (2011) depicts the flickering, often littered, surface of this fast-flowing river at close range. For the Ocean works (2010), Gursky sourced high-definition satellite photography to generate his own interpretations of sea and land, constructing scenes of oceanic expanses with coastlines visible at the images’ outermost edges. From environmental threats to growing crowds and infrastructural development, Gursky’s photographs capture the extremes of the present moment.
February 1–March 17, 2019
Tarmak 22, Gstaad Saanen Airport, Switzerland
I Don’t Like Fiction, I Like History
Duane Hanson with Thomas Demand, Andreas Gursky, Sharon Lockhart, and Jeff Wall
September 5–28, 2018
Extended through March 10, 2018
December 14, 2017–March 10, 2018
Not Abstract II
November 10–December 23, 2016
West 21st Street, New York
May 15–June 16, 2012
November 4–December 17, 2011
West 21st Street, New York
March 4–May 1, 2010
Cast of Characters
James Lawrence explores how contemporary artists have grappled with the subject of the library.
Veil and Vault
An exhibition at the Broad in Los Angeles prompts James Lawrence to examine how artists give shape and meaning to the passage of time, and how the passage of time shapes our evolving accounts of art.
Benjamin Nugent reflects on questions of verisimilitude and American life in the group exhibition I Don’t Like Fiction, I Like History at Gagosian, Beverly Hills.
Andreas Gursky and Jeff Wall
On the occasion of a major survey of Andreas Gursky’s work at the Hayward Gallery in London, Gursky and Jeff Wall discuss the state of photography and the evolution of the medium.
Gagosian Quarterly Summer 2018
The Summer 2018 Gagosian Quarterly issue is now available, featuring El Ejido, one of Andreas Gursky’s latest artworks, on its cover.
Andreas Gursky and Richie Hawtin discuss their collaboration with art historian Laura Käding.
Andreas Gursky Parrish Art Museum
Terrie Sultan, Director of the Parrish Art Museum, discusses Andreas Gursky: Landscapes (2015).
“Cinema” Film Festival
Andreas Gursky, Piero Manzoni, Cy Twombly
January 28–February 1, 2020
La Fondazione, Rome
Over the course of five days, La Fondazione will be hosting a film festival showcasing films by and about artists, including Andreas Gursky: Long Shot Close Up (2009), Piero Manzoni Artista (2014), and Cy Dear (2018). To attend the free event, RSVP to firstname.lastname@example.org. Space is limited and will be granted on a first-come, first-served basis.
Still from Andreas Gursky: Long Shot Close Up (2009) by Jan Schmidt-Garre
Art Basel Hong Kong 2019
March 29–31, 2019, booth 1C18
Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre
Gagosian is pleased to participate in Art Basel Hong Kong 2019, with works by Georg Baselitz, Edmund de Waal, Urs Fischer, Katharina Grosse, Andreas Gursky, Duane Hanson, Damien Hirst, Thomas Houseago, Yayoi Kusama, René Magritte, Giorgio Morandi, Takashi Murakami, Albert Oehlen, Nam June Paik, Richard Prince, Ed Ruscha, Richard Serra, Andy Warhol, Tom Wesselmann, Rachel Whiteread, Jonas Wood, Christopher Wool, Zao Wou-Ki, Zeng Fanzhi, and others.
Zeng Fanzhi, Rooster, 2019 © 2019 Zeng Fanzhi
Art Basel Miami Beach 2018
December 6–9, 2018, booth D7
Miami Beach Convention Center
Gagosian is pleased to participate in Art Basel Miami Beach 2018 with modern and contemporary artworks by Georg Baselitz, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Joe Bradley, Glenn Brown, John Chamberlain, Dan Colen, John Currin, Urs Fischer, Katharina Grosse, Mark Grotjahn, Andreas Gursky, Keith Haring, Damien Hirst, Howard Hodgkin, Jeff Koons, Roy Lichtenstein, Vera Lutter, Man Ray, Peter Marino, Takashi Murakami, Pablo Picasso, Richard Prince, Sterling Ruby, Ed Ruscha, Jenny Saville, Rudolf Stingel, Tatiana Trouvé, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Tom Wesselmann, and Jonas Wood, among others.
Jeff Koons, Ode to Love, 2010–17 © Jeff Koons
Closing this Week
Was wir Menschen anbeten
Through March 1, 2020
Kunsthalle Bremen, Germany
This exhibition, whose title translates to Icons: Worship and Adoration, presents a single masterpiece in each of the museum’s sixty galleries complemented by everyday icons—from consumer brands to icons of popular culture, offering an interpretation of the traditional notion of the icon in art juxtaposed with the proliferation of icons in everyday life. The presentation examines various aspects of spirituality, devotion, and adoration. Work by Francis Bacon, Andreas Gursky, Damien Hirst, Yves Klein, Jeff Koons, Bruce Nauman, and Andy Warhol is included.
Jeff Koons, Balloon Dog (Red), 1994–2000 © Jeff Koons
A New Era, Photographs from the Bank of America Collection
September 13–December 15, 2019
Art Museum, University of Saint Joseph, West Hartford, Connecticut
This exhibition explores a changing social landscape captured in photography and video created over the span of nearly twenty-five years. Eighteen artists from nine countries explore how the physical spaces in which we interact—from city streets to rural landscapes—have evolved alongside our access to a virtual “global village.” Work by Gregory Crewdson and Andreas Gursky is included.
Gregory Crewdson, Untitled, 1998–2002 © Gregory Crewdson
Fiçcão e fabricação
Fotografia de arquitetura após a revolução digital
March 20–August 19, 2019
Museum of Art, Architecture and Technology, Lisbon
This exhibition, whose English title is Fiction and Fabrication: Photography of Architecture after the Digital Turn, looks at artists who have created and engaged with imagery of architecture. It examines how digital manipulation has enabled a fictionalization of architectural spaces, and explores architecture’s role in an expanded practice of photography within contemporary art. Work by Gregory Crewdson, Andreas Gursky, and Jeff Wall is included.
Installation view, Fiçcão e fabricação: Fotografia de arquitetura após a revolução digital, Museum of Art, Architecture and Technology, Lisbon, March 20–August 19, 2019. Artwork, left to right © Jeff Wall, © Gregory Crewdson
September 29, 2018–February 24, 2019
Kunstmuseum Stuttgart, Germany
This exhibition allows the visitor to become familiar with the various faces of ecstasy and with the shifting social significance of mind-altering states as it changed over the centuries. In doing so, it also considers how different cultural spheres handle the phenomenon of ecstasy. With art at its foundation, the show introduces viewers to various ways that artists have approached ecstatic states—including pictorial representations, video, installation works, and kinesthetic experiences. Work by Andreas Gursky, Carsten Höller, and Man Ray is included.
Carsten Höller, Light Wall, 2000/17 © Carsten Höller