Most are afraid of total freedom, of nothingness, of life. You try to control everything, but nature is uncontrollable. It doesn’t matter how you express yourself (words, image, electric guitar), what matters is that you have something to express.
Steven Parrino (1958–2005) is best known for his signature “misshaped” monochromes with slashed, torn, or twisted canvases. A pioneer in performance and video art, he approached all of his work with a radicalism born out of a deep understanding of the history of painting and the avant-garde.
Parrino was born in New York and grew up on Long Island. He earned an Associate in Applied Science degree from the State University of New York at Farmingdale in 1979 and a BFA from the New School, New York, in 1982. In the late 1970s Parrino began staging impromptu performances, including: Fire Door (1979), wherein he set off the fire alarm of a building and escaped via the fire exit; Electric Guitar (1979), fifteen minutes of feedback played at high volume; and Disruption (1981), in which he smashed a TV set with a sledgehammer. Because they were improvised, most of these were not well-documented, yet their anarchic energy was made palpable in Parrino’s later paintings and three-dimensional works.
In 1984 Parrino’s paintings were shown at Gallery Nature Morte in New York’s East Village, increasing his visibility in the art world. Due to his nihilistic approach to painting, he was considered by some to be part of a strain of postmodern art called Neo-Geo, or neo-geometric conceptualism. Neo-Geo artists, such as Peter Halley, Jeff Koons, and Olivier Mosset, criticized the mechanization and commercialism of the modern world. Bob Nickas included Parrino’s work and that of several Neo-Geo artists in a group exhibition titled The Art of the Real, at Galerie Pierre Huber, Geneva, in 1987. The title was borrowed from the landmark 1968 exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art, New York, which featured works by Donald Judd, Ellsworth Kelly, Barnett Newman, Ad Reinhardt, Robert Smithson, and Frank Stella, among others. MoMA’s exhibition gathered artists whose work expressed the “real” as a set of facts rather than symbols. Nickas, with his show, posited that the Neo-Geo artists were expanding this project twenty years later.
Never completely comfortable with the “Neo-Geo” label, Parrino derived his work from his deep art-historical engagement and love of Pop iconography, and from the subversive counterculture of the Hell’s Angels, the occult, and the No Wave and punk rock movements. Hells Angels (1985) is a literal application of the formalist push-pull theory, wherein Parrino physically exercised violence upon the canvas. Frank Stella’s Cat (1992) plays with the technique Stella used in his black paintings, with their unpainted stripes, by letting the unprimed canvas intrude within the picture plane as a network of folds. And Death in America #2 (2003) echoes Andy Warhol’s Death and Disaster series (1962–63), providing a glimpse of the dark and nightmarish underbelly of the American Dream.
Parrino’s last solo exhibition during his lifetime took place at Team Gallery, New York, in 2004. It was titled Plan 9 after Ed Wood’s 1959 film Plan 9 from Outer Space, a story of the living dead. Included in the exhibition was The Chaotic Painting (2004), in which space seems to push outward, to come from elsewhere, echoing Robert Smithson’s conflation of pictorial and cosmic space. Questioning the painted canvas through piercing, tearing, and twisting it off the stretcher, Parrino redefined pictorial possibilities by blurring boundaries between formalism and counterculture.
May 9–31, 2017
Extended through September 17, 2016
A group exhibition of text-based works
June 1–September 17, 2016
Extended through April 2, 2016
An Index of Process and Mutation
January 14–April 2, 2016
Works from 1929 to 2015
June 11–August 1, 2015
Britannia Street, London
January 27–March 27, 2015
PLIAGE / FOLD
February 28–April 17, 2014
The Show Is Over
October 15–November 30, 2013
Britannia Street, London
March 21–May 4, 2013
Alternate Meanings in Film and Video
You’re only as young as the last time you changed your mind.
Gagosian is pleased to present Broadcast: Alternate Meanings in Film and Video, an online exhibition of artists’ films and videos viewable exclusively on gagosian.com. The exhibition will be organized into a series of “chapters,” each lasting two weeks. The first chapter begins on Tuesday, May 19, 2020.
Broadcast: Alternate Meanings in Film and Video employs the innate immediacy of time-based art to spark reflection on the here and now, taking the words of famed psychologist and countercultural icon Timothy Leary as its starting point.
Adam McEwen, Escape from New York, 2014 (still from “Battery Tunnel”) © Adam McEwen
Taipei Dangdai 2020
January 17–19, 2020, booth E20
Taipei Nangang Exhibition Center
Gagosian is pleased to participate in Taipei Dangdai 2020, presenting works by Georg Baselitz, John Currin, Edmund de Waal, Urs Fischer, Katharina Grosse, Damien Hirst, Robert Indiana, John Mason, Takashi Murakami, Takashi Murakami & Virgil Abloh, Albert Oehlen, Nam June Paik, Steven Parrino, Richard Prince, Ed Ruscha, Spencer Sweeney, Tom Wesselmann, and Jonas Wood, among others.
John Currin, Young Woman on a Lounger, 2014 © John Currin
Art Basel Miami Beach 2019
December 5–8, 2019, booth D7
Miami Beach Convention Center
Gagosian is pleased to participate in Art Basel Miami Beach 2019 with modern and contemporary artworks by Richard Avedon, Georg Baselitz, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Joe Bradley, Cecily Brown, John Chamberlain, John Currin, Edmund de Waal, Rachel Feinstein, Urs Fischer, Helen Frankenthaler, Ellen Gallagher, Theaster Gates, Katharina Grosse, Mark Grotjahn, Jennifer Guidi, Simon Hantaï, Damien Hirst, Alex Israel and Bret Easton Ellis, Ellsworth Kelly, Jeff Koons, Roy Lichtenstein, Man Ray, Peter Marino, Adam McEwen, Joan Mitchell, Takashi Murakami, Albert Oehlen, Steven Parrino, Pablo Picasso, Rudolf Polanszky, Richard Prince, Sterling Ruby, Ed Ruscha, Richard Serra, Rudolf Stingel, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Mary Weatherford, Tom Wesselmann, Jonas Wood, Christopher Wool, and Zao Wou-Ki, among others.
Tom Wesselmann, Sunset Nude with Wesselmann Still Life, 2004 © The Estate of Tom Wesselmann/Licensed by ARS/VAGA, New York
Nihilism Is Love
Through August 16, 2020
Kunstmuseum Liechtenstein, Vaduz
This exhibition is the first comprehensive retrospective of Steven Parrino’s work in the German-speaking world. The presentation includes early drawings and collages and several installations, and is accompanied by photographs of his concerts and videos.
Steven Parrino, Candy Stevens (Pink Disaster), 1988, Kunstmuseum Liechtenstein, Vaduz © Steven Parrino
I Am a Problem
September 23, 2017–February 18, 2018
MMK 2, Frankfurt
A gloomy and at the same time provoking parallel world unfolds in the exhibition space, in which works from the Museum für Moderne Kunst’s collection become protagonists of a narrative and enter into a dialogue with one another. The starting point for the staging is a myth about Maria Callas (1923–1977). Work by Douglas Gordon, Bruce Nauman, Steven Parrino, Taryn Simon, and Andy Warhol is included.
Douglas Gordon, going out, 2005 © Studio lost but found and VG Bild-Kunst 2018. Photo by Axel Schneider
Masterworks of Minimal Art
February 22–August 13, 2017
MMK2, Museum für Moderne Kunst Frankfurt am Main
The Minimal art current emerged in the US in the early 1960s, its exponents striving in their works for objectiveness, logic, and industrial production without artistic signature. The exhibition investigates the international impact of the influential Minimal art movement from the ’60s to the present. This show includes works by Richard Artschwager, Walter De Maria, Bruce Nauman, Steven Parrino, and Richard Serra.
Photo by Axel Schneider
Dancing on Graves
April 5–June 16, 2017
The Power Station, Dallas
Engaging in post-punk abstraction, the physicality of Parrino’s work highlights iconoclasts and anti-culture, deviants and superheroes alongside the trajectory of Minimalism. Dancing on Graves is Parrino’s first institutional show in the US. The museum is presenting painting, sculpture, video, and works on paper.
Steven Parrino, Dancing on Graves, 1999. Photo by Zarko Vijatovic