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Andy Warhol

Andy Warhol, Piss Painting, 1978 Urine on gesso on canvas, 78 × 194 inches (198.1 × 492.8 cm)

Andy Warhol, Piss Painting, 1978

Urine on gesso on canvas, 78 × 194 inches (198.1 × 492.8 cm)

Andy Warhol, Silver Clouds, 1966 Silver mylar, helium, and air, Dimensions variable

Andy Warhol, Silver Clouds, 1966

Silver mylar, helium, and air, Dimensions variable

Andy Warhol, Self-Portrait, 1964 Synthetic polymer paint and silkscreen ink on canvas, 20 × 16 inches (50.8 × 40.6 cm)

Andy Warhol, Self-Portrait, 1964

Synthetic polymer paint and silkscreen ink on canvas, 20 × 16 inches (50.8 × 40.6 cm)

About

Andy Warhol was born Andrew Warhola August 6, 1928. Born to Slovak immigrants, he was reared in a working class suburb of Pittsburgh. From an early age, Warhol showed an interest in photography and drawing, attending free classes at Carnegie Institute. The only member of his family to attend college, he entered the Carnegie Institute of Technology (now Carnegie Mellon University) in 1945, where he majored in pictorial design. Upon graduation, Warhol moved to New York with fellow student Philip Pearlstein. He found steady work as a commercial artist working as an illustrator for several magazines including Vogue, Harper's Bazaar and The New Yorker. He also did advertising and window displays for retail stores such as Bonwit Teller and I. Miller. Prophetically, his first assignment was for Glamour magazine for an article titled "Success is a Job in New York."

Throughout the nineteen fifties, Warhol enjoyed a successful career as a commercial artist, winning several commendations from the Art Director's Club and the American Institute of Graphic Arts. During this period, he shortened his name to "Warhol." In 1952, the artist had his first solo exhibition at the Hugo Gallery, exhibiting "Fifteen Drawings Based on the Writings of Truman Capote." Subsequently, Warhol's work was exhibited in several venues throughout the fifties including his first group show at The Museum of Modern Art in 1955. In 1953 the artist produced his first illustrated book, A is an Alphabet and Love is a Pink Cake, which he gave to his clients and associates. With a burgeoning career as an illustrator, he formed Andy Warhol Enterprises in 1957.

1960 marked a turning point in Warhol's prolific career. He painted his first works based on comics and advertisements, enlarging and transferring the source images onto his canvases with an opaque projector. In 1961, Warhol showed his paintings, Advertisement, Little King, Superman, Before and After, and Saturday's Popeye in a window display of Bonwit Teller department store. Appropriating images from popular culture, Warhol created many paintings that remain icons of 20th-century art including the Campbell's Soup Can, Marilyn, and Elvis series. In 1962, the Ferus Gallery in Los Angeles exhibited his Campbell's Soup Cans and in New York, the Stable gallery showed the Baseball, Coca-Cola, Do It Yourself and Dance Diagram paintings among others. In 1963 Warhol established a studio at 231 East 47th Street which became known as the "Factory."

In addition to painting and creating box sculptures such as Brillo Box and Heinz Box, Warhol began working in other mediums including record producing (The Velvet Underground), magazine publishing (Interview) and filmmaking. His avant-garde films such as Chelsea Girls, Blow Job, and Empire have become classics of the underground genre. In 1968, Valerie Solanis, a periodic factory visitor, and sole member of SCUM (Society for Cutting Up Men) walked into the Factory and shot Warhol. The attack was near fatal.

In the 1970s, Warhol renewed his focus on painting and worked extensively on a commissioned basis both for corporations and for individuals whose portrait he painted. Works created in this decade include Skulls, Hammer and Sickles, Torsos, Maos, and Shadows. Warhol also published The Philosophy of Andy Warhol (from A to B and Back Again). Firmly established as a major 20th-century artist and international celebrity, Warhol was given a major retrospective of his work at the Pasadena Art Museum which traveled to museums around the world. In the late seventies Warhol began dictating an oral diary to his colleague Pat Hackett, which became the basis for the best-selling Andy Warhol Diaries. He also frequented Studio 54 along with other members of the international jet-set saying, "I have a social disease. I have to go out every night."

The artist began the 1980s with the publication of POPism: The Warhol '60s. He also began work on Andy Warhol's TV, a series of half-hour video programs patterned after Interview magazine. In 1985, "Andy Warhol's Fifteen Minutes" appeared on MTV, half hour programs featuring celebrities, artists, musicians, and designers, with Warhol as the host. The paintings he created during this time included Dollar Signs, Guns, and Last Suppers. He also produced several paintings in collaboration with other artists including Keith Haring, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Francesco Clemente. Following routine gall bladder surgery, Andy Warhol died of complications during his recovery on February 2, 1987. After his burial in Pittsburgh, his friends and associates organized a memorial mass at St. Patrick's Cathedral on April 1 that was attended by more than 2,000 people. In 1989, the Museum of Modern Art in New York had a major retrospective of his works. In 2001 Heiner Bastian curated a Warhol retrospective that began in Berlin and traveled to the Tate in London and finally to the Museum of Contemporary Art in Los Angeles.

From the Quarterly

Fairs, Events & Announcements

Ed Ruscha, Even Though He’s Light Years Away, His Heart Belongs to Me, 1963 © Ed Ruscha

Art Fair

Seattle Art Fair

August 2–5, 2018, booth A09
CenturyLink Field Event Center, Seattle
www.seattleartfair.com

Gagosian is pleased to present Out of This World: Artists Explore Space, a booth curated by Larry Gagosian for the 2018 Seattle Art Fair. The presentation gathers works that reveal artistic and scientific explorations of the cosmos. Featured artists include Richard Avedon, Andisheh Avini, Chris Burden, Alexander Calder, Vija Celmins, Ellen Gallagher, Andreas Gursky, Damien Hirst, Neil Jenney, Mike Kelley, Yves Klein, Vera Lutter, Brice Marden, Marc Newson, Nam June Paik, Thomas Ruff, Ed Ruscha, Tom Sachs, Taryn Simon, Yves Tanguy, and Andy Warhol, among others.

To receive a PDF with detailed information on the works, please contact the gallery at inquire@gagosian.com. To attend the fair, purchase tickets at seattleartfair.com.

Ed Ruscha, Even Though He’s Light Years Away, His Heart Belongs to Me, 1963 © Ed Ruscha

Katharina Grosse, Untitled, 2016 © Katharina Grosse and VG Bild-Kunst Bonn, 2018

Online Viewing Room

Art Basel 2018

June 11–20, 2018
gagosianviewingroom.com

On the occasion of Art Basel 2018, Gagosian is pleased to present the gallery’s first-ever Online Viewing Room. From June 11 through June 20, a selection of contemporary artworks by Joe Bradley, Jeff Elrod, Katharina Grosse, Takashi Murakami, Albert Oehlen, Jenny Saville, Rudolf Stingel, Andy Warhol, Tom Wesselmann, and Christopher Wool will be available to collectors anywhere in the world exclusively at gagosianviewingroom.com. Each work will be presented with full details, pricing, and an informational text. 

The Online Viewing Room will open at 12:00am on June 11 in Hong Kong, and close at 11:59pm on June 20 in Los Angeles and San Francisco (see below for dates and times in cities where Gagosian has gallery locations). Gagosian sales staff will be available to assist collectors online twenty-four hours a day.

Online Viewing Room opens:
12:00am HKT on June 11 (Hong Kong)
7:00pm EEST on June 10 (Athens)
6:00pm CEST on June 10 (Geneva, Paris, Rome)
5:00pm BST on June 10 (London)
12:00pm EDT on June 10 (New York)
9:00am PDT on June 10 (Los Angeles, San Francisco)

Online Viewing Room closes:
2:59pm HKT on June 21 (Hong Kong)
9:59am EEST on June 21 (Athens)
8:59am CEST on June 21 (Geneva, Paris, Rome)
7:59am BST on June 21 (London)
2:59am EDT on June 21 (New York)
11:59pm PDT on June 20 (Los Angeles, San Francisco)

For more information about the Art Basel 2018 Online Viewing Room or the works that will be included, please contact inquire@gagosian.com.

Katharina Grosse, Untitled, 2016 © Katharina Grosse and VG Bild-Kunst Bonn, 2018

Georg Baselitz, Frau am Strand (Woman on the Beach), 1981 © Georg Baselitz 2018

Art Fair

Art Basel

June 14–17, 2018
Messe Basel, booth B11
www.artbasel.com

Gagosian is pleased to participate in Art Basel 2018, presenting works by modern and contemporary artists including Georg Baselitz, John Chamberlain, Dan Colen, John Currin, Willem de Kooning, Urs Fischer, Helen Frankenthaler, Ellen Gallagher, Jennifer Guidi, Andreas Gursky, Neil Jenney, Jeff Koons, Roy Lichtenstein, Henri Matisse, Takashi Murakami, Giuseppe Penone, Pablo Picasso, Richard Prince, Sterling Ruby, Richard Serra, Rudolf Stingel, Mark Tansey, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Mary Weatherford, and Tom Wesselmann. To receive a PDF with detailed information on the works, please contact the gallery at inquire@gagosian.com. To preview our booth go to www.artsy.net. To purchase tickets to attend the fair go to www.artbasel.com.

Georg Baselitz, Frau am Strand (Woman on the Beach), 1981 © Georg Baselitz 2018

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Museum Exhibitions

Installation view, Andy Warhol: Shadows, Dia:Beacon, New York, 2003–11. Artwork © The Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts, Inc./Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York. Photo: Bill Jacobson Studio, New York

Opening this Week

Andy Warhol
Shadows

October 26–December 15, 2018
Calvin Klein Headquarters, New York
www.diaart.org

Andy Warhol’s Shadows (1978–79) was first presented by Dia in 1979. A single painting in multiple parts, Shadows is one of Warhol’s most abstract works, yet one that cohesively synthesizes key elements of his practice, including film, painting, photography, and screen printing. The installation surrounds the viewer with a series of canvases, presented edge-to-edge around the perimeter of the room, in conformity with Warhol’s original vision.

Installation view, Andy Warhol: Shadows, Dia:Beacon, New York, 2003–11. Artwork © The Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts, Inc./Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York. Photo: Bill Jacobson Studio, New York

Jean-Michel Basquiat, Fallen Angel, 1981, Fondation Carmignac, Paris © The Estate of Jean-Michel Basquiat/ADAGP, Paris 2018

On View

Sea of Desire

Through November 4, 2018
Fondation Carmignac, Porquerolles, France
www.fondationcarmignac.com

The phrase “Sea of Desire” on a large-scale painting by Ed Ruscha will welcome visitors to this exhibition, which channels a spirit of rebellion and change. Sea of Desire will confront the viewer with compelling artworks that imply revolution, freedom, and a quest for beauty. Work by Jean-Michel Basquiat, Jeff Koons, Roy Lichtenstein, Ed Ruscha, and Andy Warhol will be included.

Jean-Michel Basquiat, Fallen Angel, 1981, Fondation Carmignac, Paris © The Estate of Jean-Michel Basquiat/ADAGP, Paris 2018

Sterling Ruby, WIDW. BALLISTIC., 2017 © Sterling Ruby

On View

Present Tense
Selections from the Lenhardt Collection

Through December 31, 2018
Phoenix Art Museum
www.phxart.org

Present Tense includes more than twenty paintings, prints, photographs, and sculptures all drawn from the private collection of Dawn and David Lenhardt. The show places recent contemporary acquisitions by the Lenhardts in conversation with works by modern artists. Work by Damien Hirst, Roy Lichtenstein, Sterling Ruby, and Andy Warhol is included.

Sterling Ruby, WIDW. BALLISTIC., 2017 © Sterling Ruby

Ellen Gallagher, Untitled (10), 2000 © Ellen Gallagher

Opening Soon

Graphic Revolution
American Prints 1960 to Now

November 11, 2018–February 3, 2019
Saint Louis Art Museum
www.slam.org

Graphic Revolution: American Prints 1960 to Now examines the transformational decade of the 1960s through the early twenty-first century. The explosion of printmaking activity that began in the United States in the 1960s stands out for the radical spirit of exploration and experimentation that amplified the possibilities of contemporary art. Often in collaboration with technically proficient and market-savvy printers and publishers, artists have long been reimagining what a print can be and using printmaking to push the boundaries of historical and popular imagery by engaging with contemporary issues and new technologies. The exhibition features more than 110 works by a diverse group of artists whose visual imagery helped define the spirit of their respective times. Work by Ellen Gallagher and Andy Warhol is included.

Ellen Gallagher, Untitled (10), 2000 © Ellen Gallagher

See all Museum Exhibitions for Andy Warhol